In Cambridge First or Cambridge Advanced, you might be asked to publish a write-up. But are you aware the thing that makes an article not the same as other types of writing?
1 The reader is identified
a write-up is similar to a direct conversation with the reader. The exam question may inform you who your readers are. As an example, the learning students at a school, or even the people residing in a town or people that are thinking about sports. Anything you write must speak to that particular reader and engage their interest right from the first sentence.
2 It offers to have attention
if you should be anywhere on the web these days, you will be bombarded with articles with headlines that pull the reader in. It’s called «click baiting» and all the writer is attempting to do is make the page is opened by you to see their article. You will need to think like a journalist when you’re writing your article.
Glance at the heading plus the first line of this article. How did I have your attention?*
3 This has to be interesting
For an article be effective, it has to enough be engaging to read through all of the way through. Remember how bored the examiner should be after reading fifty exam papers. Allow it to be easier to allow them to get a impression that is good your writing by entertaining them. Add humour, true to life or made up examples, or make up quotes.
4 It offers to be very easy to read
Use subheadings to split within the text and also make clear paragraphs. Write in a semi-informal, conversational style. And then make sure there is certainly organisation to your thinking. The planning stage is critical because of this. Spend 5-10 minutes ideas that are brainstorming pick the best 3 or 4. Think what your subheadings could be and then write a introduction that is short lets the reader know very well what to anticipate.
Keep in mind them exactly what they will read that you want the reader to keep reading, so don’t tell. This is not an essay! In an essay you usually restate the question, explain how you would answer it and maybe say why it is important. In a write-up, that may kill your reader’s interest.
Look back only at that paragraph. What sentence style have I used that makes it semi-informal and speak straight to the reader?**
5 Write a good ending
In an essay you sum up the points that have gone before and draw a conclusion from that. However in an article, it’s better to provide the reader something to perhaps think about by asking them another question or providing them with a call to action. Often, the best endings link back once again to the starting point in some way.
Listed below are two endings i possibly could use because of this article:
- Glance at your internet browsing history through the last day. Which articles got your attention? Is it possible to observe how they achieved it?
- So, so now you learn how to write an article, the trend is to write one giving suggestions about something write my paper you know about?
Common mistakes students make in articles
- The language is just too formal and much more suited to essays. Avoid words like: in conclusion, some people say, nevertheless, using one hand etc.
- They don’t really use quotes or examples
- They either use not enough, or way too many, questions. The questions, called questions that are rhetorical they do not require a response, should never be more than one per paragraph. Good examples are:
* A title helping to make the subject immediately clear. For a few good reason, people like reading lists! And a direct, rhetorical question in the first paragraph to make readers want to find out of the answer.
** I’ve used the important to give instructions. E.g. Think??¦Keep in mind??¦Write??¦Spend??¦
Article contributed by Nicola Prentis who is a trained teacher and materials writer, located in Madrid and London. She is the writer of Speaking Skills (B2+) — a self study book with Collins.